Fabric Types – Everything You Need to Know [With Pictures]

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Fabric is an important component of any clothing. We use it for both design and function. It also helps us to create our own personal style or to follow trends.

We also use fabric to address a range of climates and weather conditions. For example, you may want a light cotton fabric for summer, but something heavier like wool for winter.

There are many types of fabric that have different purposes and characteristics. However, choosing the right types of fabric can be difficult, especially if you’re not sure which kind of fabric to use or how to tell fabric types apart.

In this article, we’ll go over some of the different types of fabric and what makes them so special.

Types of Fabrics

Fabric is important in your everyday life. From the clothes you choose to wear every day, to special occasion garments, to curtains and beddings, fabric plays a critical role in your life.

From different textures and colors to varying degrees of stretchability and durability, there are many types of fabrics available for purchase.

Now let’s take a look at some popular types of fabrics with pictures so you can get an idea of what they look like and which ones are best for you.

1. Cotton

cotton

Cotton is one of the most popular types of fabric in the world. It is a natural fiber, meaning it comes from plants and not synthetic materials.

Cotton fabrics are light, soft, and breathable. You can wear them in all seasons because of their absorbent properties. It is also hypoallergenic, which means it doesn’t present any irritating or allergic qualities when worn.

2. Velvet

velvet

Velvet is made by interlacing a number of different fibers, including cotton, polyester, silk, nylon, and rayon. You can use this type of fabric for upholstery because of its durability and luxurious feel, you can also use it for clothing and home décor items.

Most designers have praised velvet’s tactile qualities because it creates a luxurious feeling, while still being affordable to most people.

It is also durable and resistant to wrinkling, which makes it an ideal fabric for the busy homeowner who wants their home to always look its best.

3. Linen

linen

Linen is made with a natural plant fiber woven to form a fabric. It comes in two varieties: single-ply and double-ply. Single-ply is more common because it gives a thinner, softer texture while double-ply linen is thicker and more durable.

You can use linen for your bedsheets, curtains, or tablecloths because it resists wrinkles. It also looks great on larger projects like duvets, comforters, and more.

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4. Cashmere

fabric types

Cashmere is a type of wool that comes from the undercoat of a cashmere goat. It is soft, lightweight, and warm. Its production is also environmentally friendly because it doesn’t require any harsh chemicals or dyes.

Humans have used cashmere fabrics for centuries in everything from clothing to bedding. It’s one of the most expensive types of fabric available, as well as one of the most luxurious types available.

5. Jersey

jersey

Jersey fabric is made using a plain weave or a twill weave process. It has a stretchy texture, which makes it comfortable and easy to wear.

Designers use this fabric to make form-fitting clothing like t-shirts and sweatpants. They also use it to make other items like yoga mats, bedding, athletic attire, baby clothes, etc.

6. Rayon

fabric types

Rayon is a type of fabric made from cellulose found in cotton plants and trees. Weavers make this fabric by treating the cellulose with chemicals to break the bonds between the molecules. 

We often associate rayon with luxury because it’s lightweight, shiny, and easy to wear. As for how rayon feels, it’s supple and smooth. It drapes well and doesn’t wrinkle as easily as other fabrics.

In terms of durability, rayon clothing can last up to five years if cared for properly. In fact, some people may confuse rayon with silk because of its properties.

7. Muslin

fabric types

Muslin fabric is made by weaving short-staple cotton together, usually in an open weave design with plenty of space between each strand. 

This allows for the fabric to be light and airy while still being strong enough to hold up well in clothing and other products. You can use it for many purposes, such as for clothing and as a warm bed covering.

8. Denim

fabric types

Denim is a textile made from cotton yarn or fabric. It was first invented in 1835 by Jacob Davis and Levi Strauss—two men who were looking for a stronger and more durable alternative to the clothes they used.

Denim is also one of the most popular types of fabric in the world. Most people hail it for its durability and versatility.

SEE: 17 Amazing Ways to Style Your Denim Jacket (No 4 Is My Favorite)

9. Satin

fabric types

Satin is a popular fabric often used for evening wear and formal clothes. It’s a fabric with a glossy look that gives it the appearance of a finely polished surface, hence the name “satin”.

The most common type is silk, but weavers can also make satin from fibers such as cotton, polyester, or rayon.

For centuries, humans associated satin with royalty and nobility because of the expensive silk weaving technique used. But luckily, you can now find many different styles of satin fabric in most department stores.

10. Lace

fabric types

Lace is a delicate fabric made with a variety of different fibers. It can be crafted from natural or synthetic materials, and it’s usually woven or knit to create intricate patterns.

Weavers usually make a lace fabric by passing a thread through a series of eyelets in the fabric. This creates a web-like pattern that ranges from simple and delicate to complicated and ornate.

There are many types of lace fabrics, depending on the pattern and thickness. The most popular types are needlepoint lace and bobbin lace. Other examples include crochet lace, netting, tatting, crocheted lace, and hairpin lace.

SEE: 10 Essential Clothes You Need to Become a Minimalist

11. Flannel

flannel fabric

The word “flannel” comes from the old English word “Flandre”, which means to make flow gently, referring to the way the fabric feels when you touch it.

Weavers can make flannels out of different materials, such as cotton, wool, or polyester, it is then brushed thoroughly to create a soft, fuzzy texture.

Designers often use them in making jackets, shirts, pants, blankets, and other cold-weather garments.

12. Brocade

brocade fabric

Weavers make the brocade fabric by interlacing silk threads with gold, silver, and other metallic threads to create a unique type of weave. This creates a rich luster and depth to the colors in the textile.

Humans have used it for centuries in a variety of fabrics and items, including apparel and upholstery.

13. Wool

wool fabric

Wool is a fiber that comes from sheep. It comes in varieties depending on the animal type and breed used.

However, they all have several properties in common such as durability, temperature resistance, flame resistance, and dirt-shedding.

Wool fabric is a durable material that resists moths and thrives in adverse weather conditions, including high humidity or dryness. It is often used by designers for making clothing such as coats, jackets, hats, and sweaters.

SEE: Evolution of Kaftan- How Its Origin Influenced Modernized Kaftan

14. Nylon

nylon

Nylon is a synthetic fabric that is made from polymers. It’s lightweight, strong, water-resistant, elastic, and durable. It also doesn’t absorb heat easily, which makes it perfect for warm-weather clothing.

15. Silk

silk fabric

Silk material is a textile, either woven or knit, that is made from the fibers of the cocoon of the mulberry silkworm.

Silkworms are a fiber-producing insect that creates cocoons which are made from the intestine lining. The production of different types of silk often depends on the type of silkworm and their species.

A piece of silk fabric is smooth, lustrous, and has an extremely soft texture. It also has a shimmery appearance because it reflects light at different angles due to its structure.

Silk fabric has been in use for centuries in China, Japan, and Korea to make kimonos, scarves, and dresses.

16. Jacquard

Jacquard fabric

Weavers make this fabric using a type of weaving process that involves weaving colored threads into a background fabric. 

To create this unique fabric, a person must first have a design and then they need to set that design onto a card using a tool called a “Jacquard Head”. This head controls the lifting and dropping of different threads in order to create each individual pattern.

You can use them for a wide range of other items like furniture, bedding, draperies, upholstery, and even sneakers.

17. Chiffon

chiffon fabric

Chiffon is a type of lightweight, semi-sheer fabric with a smooth finish. It resembles silk but is less expensive and not as durable.

Weavers twist together polyester, cotton, or silk fibers to create the thin, wrinkly texture of chiffon fabric. These fibers in the material give it a nice drape and floaty feel.

Chiffon can be sheer or semi-sheer. You can also wear them as blouses, evening wear, or lightweight summer dresses.

18. Leather

leather fabric

Leather is a fabric made by tanning animal hides into a tough, durable, and flexible material. The process of turning the animal skin into leather includes soaking the skin in water and then hanging it on a frame to dry under natural air ventilation or in a kiln with heated air.

There are many types of leather fabric, including elephants, calves, goats, and pigs. Each type has its own unique features and qualities.

For example, calfskin is thinner and more pliable than cowhide, while goatskin is more durable than cowhide.

19. Corduroy

corduroy fabric

Corduroy is a type of fabric that is woven with raised, wale-like ridges on its face.

Weavers make the fabric from wool, polyester, or cotton by weaving two sets of yarns at right angles to each other in perpendicular lines. This creates a ridge in the fabric that runs parallel to the length of the material.

You can use corduroy as upholstery fabric for furniture and other items in the home, such as curtains, slipcovers, and pillows. You can also wear it as clothing such as pants, skirts, jackets, shirts, and cardigans.

20. Chino

chino

Chino fabric is a durable and comfortable material. Weavers usually make it in a twill weave process and then finish off with a treatment to make it resistant to wrinkles and shrinking.

Chino is one of the most popular fabrics for making pants or trousers due to its durability. It is 100% cotton and typically breathable. It is also perfect for both the fall and summer seasons.

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FAQs

yarn

What is the most common type of fabric?

Cotton fabric is the most common because of its breathable, comfortable, and sturdy qualities. You can use cotton in a wide variety of garments and textile products such as clothing, bedding, and upholstery.

How do I keep fabric from fading?

Fading is a natural occurrence that will happen to any fabric with time but you can reduce it by protecting your fabric from sunlight, drying fabric immediately after washing, and using a dryer.

What fabrics are best for summer?

Cotton, linen, and rayon. Cotton is a popular choice because it’s breathable, absorbent, and soft. It comes in many different shades too, so you have lots of options when shopping.

You might also consider linen or rayon as alternatives to cotton to keep you cool during the summer months.

Conclusion

Ever since the beginning of time, humans have been using fabric to make clothes and other items that are essential to our everyday lives.

Fabric is also an important part of our culture and heritage. It has such high demand because we use it in a variety of ways, from clothing to furniture.

There are different types of fabrics ranging from expensive to cheap in the market. It is important to know these differences to be able to choose the right fabric.

Thanks for reading.

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